JAM 2008 Abstract

Modeling of a One-Sided Bonded and Rigid Constraint Using Beam Theory

Peter J. Ryan, George G. Adams, Nicol E. McGruer


In beam theory, constraints can be classified as fixed/pinned depending on whether the rotational stiffness of the support is much greater/less than the rotational stiffness of the free standing portion. For intermediate values of the rotational stiffness of the support, the boundary conditions must account for the finite rotational stiffness of the constraint. In many applications, particularly in MEMS and nanomechanics, the constraints exist only on one side of the beam. In such cases it may appear at first that the same conditions on the constraint stiffness hold. However, it is the purpose of this paper to demonstrate that even if the beam is perfectly bonded on one side only to a completely rigid constraining surface, the proper model for the boundary conditions for the beam still needs to account for beam deformation in the bonded region. The use of a modified beam theory, which accounts for bending, shear, and extensional deformation in the bonded region, is required in order to model this behavior. Examples are given for cantilever, bridge, and guided structures subjected to either transverse loads or residual stresses. The results show significant differences from the ideal bond case. Comparisons made to a three-dimensional finite element analysis show good agreement.

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