Modeling and Simulation of an Artificial Muscle and its Application to Biomimetic Robot Posture Control

Koray K. Safak and George G. Adams


The shape memory effect exhibited by Nitinol wire can be utilized to construct an artificial muscle. The muscle is activated by an electric current, which produces heat and initiates a phase transformation. The Nitinol artificial muscle stress-strain-power relationship was determined by experiments, and a mathematical model was developed. The artificial muscle model was utilized for the posture control of a biomimetic underwater robot. The optimal activation patterns for height, pitch, and roll postures were determined. Simulation results for the height postures are in agreement with the experiments. The separation between the center of gravity and the centroid of the robot has a stabilizing effect on pitch and roll postures.

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